World Hepatitis Day: July 28, 2015


What is Hepatitis?
Unlike many other infections, Hepatitis can be transmitted from various surfaces such as razors, toothbrushes, spoons, straws, and so much more.

  • Hepatitis A
    o Transmission
     Spread mostly through eating food or drinking water that has been in contact with feces of an infected person
     Can also be spread by eating raw shellfish that was harvested from contaminated water
    o Prevention
     Vaccinations
     Treatment within weeks of exposure to Hepatitis A can provide short term immunity
     Reduce the risk of exposure by: practicing good hygiene and sanitation along with avoiding potentially contaminated water sources
    o Treatment
     Hepatitis A only causes acute Hepatitis, meaning the body is often able to clear the infection within a few weeks, but Hepatitis A infections can occasionally cause additional health problems.
  • Hepatitis B
    o Transmission
     Transmitted through contact with body fluids (blood, urine, semen, saliva, etc.) of an infected person
    o Prevention
     Vaccinations
     Using Condoms
     Avoid Sharing Needles, Toothbrushes, Razors, or Nail Clippers
     Avoid getting tattoos or body piercings from unlicensed facilities
    o Treatment
     Antiviral Medication such as Alpha Interferon and Peginterferon


  • Hepatitis C
    o The Hepatitis C virus can survive outside the body at room temperature on environmental surfaces, for at least 16 hours.
    o Transmission
     Blood-to-Blood Interaction (Sexual Practices and Childbirth)
    o Prevention
     No vaccine available
     Avoid Sharing Needles, Toothbrushes, Razors, or Nail Clippers
     Avoid getting tattoos or body piercings from unlicensed facilities
    o Treatment
     Antiviral Medication such as Pegylated Interferon and Ribavirin

How is Hepatitis impacting humanity?

  • • Worldwide 400 million people are living with Hepatitis B or C
    • 240 Million people are chronically infected with Hepatitis B
    • Every year 1.4 million people die from viral Hepatitis, yet all of these deaths could have been prevented
    • Around 780,000 people die each year from Hepatitis B, including 300,000 deaths each year from live cancer caused by Hepatitis B
    • With better awareness and understanding of how we can prevent Hepatitis, we can eradicate this disease and save 4,000 lives a day.
    • 1.2 Million injecting drug users have Hepatitis B.
    • Globally, 67% of people who inject drugs are infected with Hepatitis C. IN some countries it is as high as 97%.
  • How can we prevent Hepatitis?
    • Vaccinating children for Hepatitis B is incredibly important
    • Risk of becoming chronically infected is as high as 90% for infants infected during their first year
    • The Hepatitis B vaccine is three or four separate doses
    • Hepatitis B is vaccine preventable. The vaccine can help protect against liver cancer.
    • Always demand safe practice and sterile equipment- don’t risj getting needlessly exposed.
    • Prevent Hepatitis: It’s Up to You.

Do NOT Share:

Bank Notes

Who is primarily at risk?
• Prison Populations
• People who inject drugs
• Close Contacts of people with chronic Hepatitis B infection
• People with multiple sexual partners
• Healthcare Employees
• Travellers to High Risk Countries
• People who have had tattoos or piercings
• People who have undergone invasive healthcare procedures with inadequate safety practices
• Recipients of blood transfusions


amelia Featured Youth Blogger: Amelia, Bartow Youth Action Team


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